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Online_poster_session_2016

All the posters are presented not only in a paper form during the event, but also in an electronic form online on the conference website. Feel free to visit our poster session (all the online presented posters) and moreover to discuss with the authors below the posters.

 

Articles

Bartoň Pavel, Šídlo Luděk: Assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic – demographic trends

2016-02-15

The study analyses the fundamental trends in the average age of women using assisted reproduction in the Czech Republic and the differences between Czech regions. Besides the development of women's age the health of newborns is being examined, especially birth weight and cost of healthcare in their first months of life. Authors use data obtained from the largest Czech health insurance company (VZP CR).

 
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Gbemisola Samuel et al.: Breastfeeding Practices: A Proximate Determinant of Under-five Mortality in...

2016-02-15

Breastfeeding is known as a good source of nutrition which protects children against diseases. Optimal breastfeeding has the potential to prevent over 800,000 deaths in children under-five in developing countries. A study show that six months of exclusive breast feeding was associated with a 53% decrease in hospital admissions for diarrhea and a 27% decrease in respiratory tract infections. Therefore, this study examined the pathways through which socioeconomic factors operate through breastfeeding practices to influence under-five survival. The Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey Dataset for 2013 was used. The duration of breastfeeding was used as a “proxy” for breastfeeding practices. The socioeconomic variables considered included mother’s education, region, religion, place of residence and wealth status. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to determine significant relationships. Findings from the study show that all the variables indicated a significant bivariate relationship with under-five mortality (P = 0.000). In the logistic regression, all the socioeconomic factors except religion showed significant indirect effects on under-five mortality (Log Likelihood Ratio-LLR= -9425.04; Chi-square = 355.51 on 13 degree of freedom; P = 0.000). The introduction of breastfeeding into the model as proximate determinant of under-five mortality reduced LRR by 1222.93. The amount of reduction was highly significant (Chi-square= 1944.54 on 14 df.; P= 0.000). We concluded, therefore that breastfeeding is a major determinant through which socioeconomic variables operate to influence under-five mortality in Nigeria.

 
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Klapková Michaela: The concept of prospective age and its application to the indicators of demographic aging

2016-02-15

Demographic aging is often called a phenomenon of the 21st century. However, it is a natural process, which we more or less consciously influence. Population aging is the result of improving the health status of the population and enhancing the quality of human life that has already begun in the 18th century in the context of demographic revolution. The current concern about the sustainability of national social systems in the context of population aging are obviously reasonable, but these concerns are based on the standard characteristics of the age structure, which often use a fixed age of entry into the final stage of life. However, with the lengthening of human life the natural boundaries of old age changes. Alternative indicators on the basis of the concept of prospective age do not use the number of years a person has already lived, but the number of years that a person will probably live. The paper presents the concept of a prospective age on the data of population of the Czech Republic, Sweden and Germany in the years 2000-2013, focusing on a comparison of the development of standard and alternative indicators of demographic aging.

 
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Kocová Markéta: Diabetes Mellitus - What Causes the Growth of the Prevalence in the Czech Republic

2016-02-15

Diabetes mellitus is a very dangerous disease that cannot yet be cured. The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide and this trend is also observed in the Czech Republic. In 2013, there were 862 000 people with diabetes in the Czech Republic. The seriousness of the disease is documented by the fact that in the last 10 years there has been nearly a doubling of the number of diabetics. What causes so enormous increase of the number of patients? The paper will discuss the major factors affecting the development of the disease (genetics, obesity, etc.), but also on data from the largest Czech health insurance company VZP ČR the situation in the Czech Republic will be examined more in detail. The method of decomposition of the difference between two rates will be used to find out whether the increase of the prevalence of morbidity is caused by increase of intensity, or whether the prevalence increases, regard to the significant age specificity of diabetes, due to the population aging.

 
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Křesťanová Jana: The development of the birth rate and preschool education in the Czech Republic after 1950

2016-02-15

The main aim of the paper is to map in detail the development of preschool education and financial support for families with children in the Czech Republic in the context of the development of birth rate after 1950. It turns out, that quality and availability of all network preschool institutions in the context has a certain role in the birth rate. The reconciliation of work and family is very important for lots of parents and sufficient offer of preschool care can help it. However, the demand for preschool institutions exceeded supply, as was shown in accordance with obtained data. It was also found out by the insight into the outcomes of surveys that the vast majority of respondents do not think that a preschool child of working mother would be suffering. In the future, should not only expand the capacity of childcare facilities as well as other options for facilitation of reconciling work and family life, such as better offer of flexible working hours.

 
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Kusovská Marie: Changes in Spatial Pattern of Children in Age of Compulsory School Attendance in Czechia after 1990

2016-02-15

One of the population development features in Czechia after 1990 was a sharp decline in number of live births. Since 2004 the number of live births has been slightly increasing. On the regional level, mainly due to suburbanization process, the spatial pattern of regions according to the proportion of children has completely changed. These demographic changes increases demands for social infrastructure, such as elementary school capacities. This contribution analyses regional changes in proportion of children in age of compulsory school attendance (6–14 years) and its gradation. The spatial autocorrelation method is used, namely Morans I as a global indicator and analysis LISA, which reveals spatial clusters of similar units as well as outliers. Shortly after 1990 regions with high proportion of children in compulsory school attendance age were located near the borders and regions with low proportion in the interior. The situation changed first around Prague and later around other big cities and nowadays high proportion of children live in regions around big cities. Conversely regions with low proportion lie in borderland and in inner periphery.

 
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Laušmanová Barbora: Business Demography: Personnel composition of decision-making bodies of company and its effect...

2016-02-15

Personnel composition of company’s management has recently become relatively frequent topic of the scholar research. Presented analysis is dealing with possible use of methods of demographic analysis for description of decision-making bodies’ composition and performance of these subjects. In first part of the analysis is narrated the shift of the structure of decision-making bodies of business companies in Czech Republic during the last 15 years regarding gender and age. It also shows the differences in terms of location and business activity. Financial health of the subjects is evaluated by presence of negative features (closing sale, execution, financial statements etc.) Performed analysis showed the influence of gender and age of company’s owners on the rate of negative occurrences. The last part of analysis examines the influence of HR composition of banks top management on the economic performance evaluated by several financial aspects. It tries to authenticate the EU regulatory measures executed after financial crisis, which demand certain amount of diversity in governing bodies of banks (gender, age etc.) and adequately experienced members. Performed analysis contributed to emerging discussion of HR composition of companies’ managements and its possible impact on economic results. Simultaneously a potential of using unusual methods of demographic analysis in this field has been proved.

 
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Podolská Kateřina: The risky characteristics of the exposition by ionospheric and geomagnetic parameters

2016-02-15

The influence of extraterrestrial phenomena is expected to have an impact on human health, and therefore on mortality in particular civilization and degenerative diseases. The main aim of this contribution is to assemble descriptive characteristics that represent the impact of the solar and geomagnetic activity on mortality by cause of death from groups VI. Diseases of the nervous system and IX. Diseases of the circulatory system. We have constructed the characteristics that represent the risk of the solar activity on human health on the basis of the previous analysis of association between the daily numbers of death on diseases of the nervous system and diseases of the circulatory system and the solar and geomagnetic parameters in the Czech Republic during the years 1994 – 2013. These characteristics were aggregated by cluster analysis in time series according to the phases of the solar cycle and the seasonal insolation at mid-latitudes. The computation was implemented in the SAS environment and the Mathematica 7.

 
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Tipková Petra: Sports demography: comparative analysis of tennis and athletics

2016-02-15

This paper briefly introduces selected demographic methods and their application in sports, especially in athletics and tennis. Tennis and athletics are both individual sports therefore they are suitable for comparisons. Analysis is applied to data corresponding for example with the length of the TOP sports career. This means, that life tables showing the length of the TOP careers of men and women in various disciplines. The previous analysis showed that women in athletics reach the TOP career at a younger age than men. The results of survival function confirmed that the performance of men and women in various age groups and in individual disciplines are different. This contribution brings new results, based on a similar analysis of tennis data. There will be tested the assumption about the impact of the annual period in which the athlete was born at his or her TOP career. The results of athletic and tennis analysis will be compared.

 
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