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Online_poster_session_2017

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Hassan Anushe et al.: Father absence but not fosterage predicts food insecurity, relative poverty, and poor child health in..

2017-02-15

The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. We determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 3136 children under 5 years from 56 villages. Using multilevel regression we contrast children residing with both parents to those who (i) have experienced paternal death, (ii) reside with their mother but not their living father and (iii) are fostered apart from both living parents. Of the total, 3.5% of children had experienced paternal death. 13% resided with their mother but away from their living father. Supporting data indicate these cases primarily reflect parental divorce/separation, extra-marital birth, or polygynous fathers residing with another wife. Paternal death and residing apart from one’s living father was associated with lower food security and/or relative poverty and there is suggestive evidence that children in such circumstances achieve lower height-for-age. 6% of children were fostered, usually with grandparents, and were comparable to children residing with both parents in terms of household food security, wealth, and anthropometric status. Our results highlight diversity in the form and consequences of father absence. We discuss limitations of the current study and wider literature on fatherhood and make suggestions for future research.

 
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Torres Alexander:Characterization of the fertility of a women cohort in France and in Quebec using the Own Children method and..

2017-02-14

The interest of this research is to observe the differences between the estimates of the fertility rate and the probabilities of enlargement using only the census data, using the indirect “own children method“ , which links the Cohabiting children and a potential mother within the household. In the case of France, the method will be validated by comparing the results obtained by the indirect method with those obtained from the 2011 Family and Housing Survey (EFL) data, a survey coupled with the census and interviewing women on the Of the children they had, whether or not the children cohabited with the mother at the time of the census. Concerning Quebec, the results obtained from the indirect method will be compared with those resulting from the operation of the 2011 General Social Survey - Family cycle. Our hypothesis is that the results of the census underestimate the fertility rates and the probabilities of expansion because of the impossibility of counting the children who have already left the parental home. But this underestimation is relatively low under certain conditions. If this is the case, the results of this paper will provide new perspectives for analyzing fertility trends in subpopulations based on census data. This relatively classical approach distinguishes the ages of women, but also the ranks of birth, which has been more rarely analyzed in previous studies.

 
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